Are you thinking of planting on your farm but are a bit confused with the nature of the soil and want to be aware of it? We are here to help you on your farms. Awareness of soil is very necessary, as like the awareness of plants. Before planting, you should be familiar with the soil; knowledge of soil makes planting easy. If your soil is productive, it will definitely give expected results, or if it is not, obviously, it can even spoil your farming. Therefore, it is important to know the nature of the soil, and it helps you to plant according to the land or soil.
In this post, you can get information regarding soil. For this, you have to keep in tune with us till the end.
Types Of Soil
From a global prospect, “soil” is a general term and refers to the loose layer of earth covering the surface. The soil is the part of the land’s surface, including broken rock, humus, inorganic and organic materials. For soil to form from rocks, it takes an average of 500 years or more. The soil is usually formed when rocks break up into their parts. Then, when different forces act on the rocks, they break into smaller pieces to create the soil.
There are three grades of soil:
- Solid soil
- Soil with air in the pores
- Soil with water in the pores
Various types of soil withstand diverse environmental pressures. However, the soil is mainly classified by its texture, proportions, and different organic and mineral compositions.
Soil is categorised into four types
- Sandy soil
- Silt Soil
- Clay Soil
- Loamy Soil
The first type of soil is sand. It consists of tiny particles of weathered rock. Sandy soils are among the most deficient soil types for growing plants because they have deficient nutrients and insufficient water holding capacity, making it hard for the plant’s roots to absorb moisture. On the other hand, this type of soil is perfect for the waste system. Sandy soil is mainly formed by the breakdown of rocks like granite, limestone and quartz.
Silt is known to have much smaller particles than sandy soil and is made up of rock and other mineral particles, smaller than sand and more extensive than clay soil. It has the smooth quality of the soil that holds water better than sand. Silt is easily transported by moving flows, and it is found mainly near the river, lake and other water bodies. The silt soil is more prosperous compared to the different three types of soil. Therefore, it is also used in farming practices to increase soil fertility.
Clay is the tiniest particle amongst the other two types of soil. The particles in this soil are tightly packed together with no airspace. This soil has excellent water storage properties and makes it hard for moisture. It is very adhesive to the touch when wet but smooth when dried. Clay is the thickest and heaviest type of soil that does not drain well or give space for plant roots to thrive.
Loamy has a combination of sand, silt and clay such that the beneficial properties from each are included. For example, it can retain moisture and nutrients; therefore, it is more suitable for farming tasks. This soil is also known as agricultural soil as it includes all three types of soil materials, sandy, clay, and silt. Apart from these, it also has high calcium and pH levels because of its chemical origins.
Now we hope, you can identify the soil for planting easily. But do you know? Why is soil preparation necessary before farming? Let’s talk about it.
What is soil preparation, and Why is it important?
Soil preparation is essential to assure that the field is ready for planting. A well-prepared field manages weeds, recycles plant nutrients, and provides a soft soil volume for grafting and a suitable soil cover for direct seeding.
Add natural material each year during soil preparation to develop and maintain the soil. Be sure all plant bodies are turned under the soil. If the original material is added before planting a garden, it should be well-rotted, such as fertiliser. Before planting, keep the soil clean and level it on the surface.
For land, preparation uses harrowing and productive tractors. Mainly farmers prefer the Swaraj 735 and Mahindra 415 tractor to attach implements. This tractor is versatile in nature and capable of performing every farming task.
Turning and loosening are the essential steps in soil preparation because they help in the entrance of the root deep into the soil.
We hope you like this content and can easily identify suitable soil for plantations. For more updated information about farming and technologies, stay connected with Tractor Junction.