One-year-old baby development
During the baby’s first year, the awakening of his abilities is noticeable. At this age, the baby will be walking (or almost), but at least he will try to stand up. All this from the child’s motor development, but what about other areas such as food or language? We tell you about the development of a one-year-old baby.
How tall and weight of a One-year-old baby should be?
You may have already noticed that your baby’s weight gain has stalled a bit. And it is that during the first six months it is very fast, but from there it goes much slower, something that you should not worry about if you notice that you eat well and that you are healthy.
To give you an idea and do not be alarmed when you put him on the scale, during the first three months, the weight gain ranges between 750 – 900 grams, instead of between the ninth month and one year of age, the monthly average is between 250 – 300 grams.
Another reason that the child does not gain weight is that now he moves more, that is, he expends much more energy. Once the baby learns to walk, it does not stop. You no longer want to be held in your arms like when you were a baby, but prefer to move freely, not to mention that you will not want to go in the stroller!
Regarding the height, this varies -as it happens with the weight- depending on whether you have a girl or a boy, but the average is between 73-77 centimeters, but it will depend on what their height was at the time of the birth ( a premature child is not the same as a full-term child).
Language development of a one-year-old baby
In their first year, children are there to eat them. They are cute and parents delight us with their first carantoñas, which are based on blowing kisses with their hands. Every day he understands better what they say to him, although his ability to speak is limited and I babbled words unintelligible to parents. However, evolution is noticeable and she can already perfectly tell her age by showing the one with the index finger.
Another great milestone, how they explain in the report ‘Good start, good future. The twelve-month-old baby ‘, prepared by the US Department of Agriculture, the US Department of Education, and the US Department of Health and Human Services, is that at this age they show that they understand many words although they cannot say. This is called receptive language. For example, when you ask him to give you a toy or to point to a picture in a book, he can.
As parents from home you can support him in this language development with small daily actions:
- When telling stories, ask him to tell you where the cow, the dog, or the lion is (give him time to think, reflect, and answer you).
- When he pronounces the word ‘incorrectly’, repeat it ‘correctly’ so that he learns it.
- At the time of strolling in the cart or holding your hand, describe everything that you find on the way. You will discover new worlds!
This is how a one-year-old baby moves and relates
Now the little one also begins to show his character. He can’t speak well, but he does know how to react when he doesn’t want something or it just bothers him. The occasional tantrum may arise at this stage because the baby will prove some independence when moving from one place to another. This will give him more confidence and therefore he will react angrily to his limitations imposed by his parents.
For the same reason, parents must be very careful in this phase so that there is no major fall that could seriously affect it, as this could make the baby fearful to walk. He seems to always carry the ‘batteries’ on and will have his parents running around after him all day. The good thing about all this for parents is that after a busy day, the little one will sleep better at night.
As for the sociability of the baby, an increase is perceived. The child no longer wants to be alone under any circumstances, he needs to be surrounded by people. And if he is, he will burst into tears. But he not only needs an emotional company but also for leisure. He does not want to be or play alone. He still depends a lot on his parents to feel safe and will continue to do so even if he is older.
One-year-old baby feeding
Some mothers continue breastfeeding on demand. If this is your case, we encourage you to do so because, as the WHO says, it is recommended up to two years of age. It may not be your case and that your little one is already with the bottle.
At this age, many mothers want or want their child to start giving up the bottle and to get more used to drinking from a glass or using cutlery, especially the spoon. Take your time because the transition from the bottle to the glass with handles can be long, but in the end, it is always achieved.
You will notice how your baby begins to want to eat by himself and to show a certain predilection for some foods and rejection for others. His digestive system is already matured and, unless there is an allergy or intolerance, he can eat everything ( avoid adding salt or sugar to meals ), so it is time to all sit down at the table and establish good habits.
You can, for example, start to drink cow’s milk, as adults do. That is not skimmed or semi-skimmed because children need the fat to grow. And it is important to establish a varied menu:
- Fruits and vegetables can be eaten daily.
- Do not forget about legumes or cereals.
- Alternate meat, fish, and eggs at dinners and meals.
- Start replacing purees with solid foods so that they get used to chewing.
Games and toys to stimulate a baby who has turned one year
One-year-olds are very active and participatory. With them you can do and play many things, but what are the best games according to their age and how can we enjoy time with them?
The best are those that have many images with common objects that they can recognize. You will be very excited!
They will still be very small to do puzzles, but they will not be so for puzzles. They will pick up the pieces and move them around continuously.
maybe that the fabric ones no longer attract so much attention, instead, the plastic ones will be your favorite. They will love to pick them up and throw them and if the child is already walking, throw them away.
The wooden ones are the best since they are very resistant and are very safe. You will see how much fun he has with building great towers and then … destroying them!
We know that they are very noisy and that they can make some parents despair, but they are a way to feed their love for music.
Objects for water and sand
Both at the time of bathing and when you go to the park. The bucket and the shovel or the animals that get into the water will favor their development.